عنوان محصول: متد اندازه گیری هوش
There are a number of different methods which purport to measure intelligence the most famous of which is perhaps the IQ or 'Intelligence Quotient' test. The 'Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale' began life in early 20th century Paris as part of Alfred Binet’s efforts to educate children with learning difficulties. Those that obtained a score below their age were considered "retarded".
IQ is a 'psychometric' test meaning it measures mental ability. However defining intelligence is far from simple. There are two main schools of thought. The first believes in an inherited genetically determined intellect that can be measured. The second group of psychologists believe in many intelligences the development of which may be the result of our social background. They also think that measuring these intelligences is also problematic.